Agricultural Approach: Soil and Water Conservation
Soil and Water Conservation Techniques
Climate Adaptation Effectiveness
Soil and water conservation techniques reduce the resources needed in crop production by increasing the ability of the soil to retain water thus increasing soil fertility and productivity. Applying these techniques also prevent soil degradation by proper land use management.
- Onset of Rainy Season
- Rainfall Variability
- Rain-Induced Flooding
- Southern Luzon incl. Bicol, , Region V (Bicol Region)
- , Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)
- Southern and Eastern Mindanao, , Region XI (Davao)
- Southern and Eastern Mindanao, , Region XIII (Caraga Region)
- Water Management
- Action Delivery
Target Group based on Vulnerability
- Farmers and Landless Rural Workers
- Indigenous Peoples
- Persons with Disabilities
- Senior Citizens
- Youth and Students
Economic / Financial Effectiveness
Initial upfront cost is high due to the equipment and training needed. However, implementation entails low production and operating costs by limiting the resources used.
In order to implement these measures, detailed research is suggested to determine which combination of soil and water conservation techniques would best fit the area and the crops planted. Identifying the proper method would improve soil productivity and fertility thus promoting food availability and access.
Adoption rates for the Southern Luzon, and Southern and Eastern Mindanao regions are less than 30%.
Soil and water conservation measures reduce runoff, prevent soil degradation, promote moisture retention, and crop productivity by improving soil health and water quality.
The Climate Resilient Agriculture (CRA) was tested against eight climate smartness dimensions: yield (productivity); income, water, soil, risks (adaptation); energy, carbon and nitrogen (mitigation). The overall climate smartness in Southern Luzon including Bicol and Eastern Visayas is 3.4, and 4.2 in Southern and Eastern Mindanao.
The increased productivity increases the capacity for carbon storage in the farms, thus aiding in climate change mitigation.
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