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Agricultural Approach: Agroforestry

Sustaining Upland Farming through Conservation Farming Villages (CFV)

Communities residing in the upland areas of the Philippines depend on agriculture as their source of livelihood. It is important to make sure that their practices are sustainable in order to improve the life of the communities as well as increase agricultural productivity [2] Conservation Farming Villages (CFV) are modalities geared to show upland farmers conservation farming technologies that could improve their current practices by capacity building [1].

Climate Adaptation Effectiveness

Conservation farming technologies such as terracing not only improves crop production but also stabilizes slope, limits soil erosion, reduces water input, promotes biodiversity, mitigates heat, and improves carbon storage [2].

Climate Hazards

  • Drought
  • Extreme Heat
  • Tropical Cyclone


  • (Barangays Elecia, Pitogo, Aya and Nasunggan), La Libertad, Negros Oriental, Region VII (Central Visayas)

Adaptation Sectors

  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Ecosystem-Based Approaches
  • Forestry
  • Water Management

CCET Instuments

  • Action Delivery

Target Group based on Vulnerability

Basic Sectors:
  • Children
  • Farmers and Landless Rural Workers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • Persons with Disabilities
  • Senior Citizens
  • Women
  • Youth and Students


Economic / Financial Effectiveness

One of the major concerns of upland communities is the marketability of their products. With the presence of the CFV farm, the methods used for sustainable crop production were shown as well as the process of marketing the products and selling them to consumers. The establishment of the CFV farms has shown that the implementation of science-based agricultural practices not only allows the sustainability of their livelihood but also increases the farm income to about 20% [1].

Technical Feasibility

CFVs are instituted through the partnership of LGUs and SUCs (State Universities and Colleges). In order to determine whether CFVs are effective, impact assessments reveal that the project was able to accomplish 80-85% of the goals. It is suggested that more LGUs and SUCs be involved to increase the number of CFV projects and its overall impact on the upland communities [1].

Social Acceptability

The CFV Program is highly accepted by the communities where it is implemented due to its community-based participatory approach. It involves researchers, extension and development workers, farmers, government agencies, and non-government organizations, SUCs and the LGU. However, the impacts of the project would still be highly dependent on the community whether they apply the CFV technologies or not and how well-supported it is by local government [1].

Environmental Impact
High (+)

If implemented, the practices shown by CFV lead to the prevention of land degradation, conservation of soil and water, increased soil and water quality, and promotion of biodiversity [1].

Mitigation co-benefit

Using sustainable practices in upland farming lead to an increase in productivity which adds to the capacity of the area for carbon storage.


conservation farming villages, climate change adaptation, sustainable upland farming, agroforestry


[1] MDGF: Compendium of Good Practices on Climate Change Adaptation
[2] Soriano, M.A., and Herath, S. (2018). Climate change and traditional upland paddy farming: a Philippine case study. Paddy and Water Environironment 18, 317–330.