Agricultural Approach: Farm Diversification
Corn-Squash + Corn Crop Rotation
Climate Adaptation Effectiveness
The corn-squash plus corn crop rotation scheme allows for the maximization of the drier season by diversifying the cultivated crops. This results in a higher probability of securing income during the flood months and food for livestock during off-season .
- Rain-Induced Flooding
- Jabonga, Agusan del Norte, Region XIII (Caraga Region)
- Action Delivery
Target Group based on Vulnerability
- Farmers and Landless Rural Workers
- Indigenous Peoples
- Persons with Disabilities
- Senior Citizens
- Youth and Students
Economic / Financial Effectiveness
The initial cost of implementation is PhP 28,600/hectare with a 2-year return on investment. Farmers practicing corn-rice-green corn crop rotation have an estimated annual profit of PhP 12,368/hectare and internal rate of return of 70%. Even if the corn and squash yield is lower, this practice is still much more profitable than monocropping .
High initial upfront costs make the implementation of this scheme in flood-prone farmlands difficult. Incentives and financial support from the government could help the farmers transition to this scheme in time for the flood period. LGUs could aid in the increase of information dissemination in the province by organizing training and programs introducing this practice and its advantages. Collaborations with other government agencies could also identify markets for the products of this scheme .
An estimated 3% of corn farmers in Agusan del Norte currently adopt this practice but it is projected to increase to 30% in the upcoming years .
Crop rotation, in general, lessens the difficulty in pest and disease management due to the disruption in the infestation cycles. It also encourages nutrient cycling .
Corn-squash plus corn crop rotation aids in the increase of soil carbon sequestration by increasing biomass production per unit area .
farm diversification, crop rotation, intercrop, diverse income stream, corn-squash cropping