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Nutrient Management

Site-Specific Nutrient Management (SSNM) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

One of the goals of climate smart agricultural practices is food security and availability. A step towards reaching this goal is employing crop management practices aligning with sustainable agricultural practices. Site-Specific Nutrient Management (SSNM) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) are strategies that aim to optimize the use of fertilizers and pesticides to increase the economic yield of farmers [3].

Climate Adaptation Effectiveness

Due to climate change, the longer drought periods followed by heavy rainfalls may cause more pest outbreaks and would likely demand a continuous change in IPM. Alongside SSNM, if IPM is developed depending on the changes of insect behavior and population dynamics, it would be more effective in crop protection and management [3].

Climate Hazards

  • Rain-Induced Flooding
  • Rainfall Variability
  • Tropical Cyclone


  • , Region II (Cagayan Valley)

Adaptation Sectors

  • Agriculture

CCET Instuments

  • Action Delivery

Target Group based on Vulnerability

Basic Sectors:
  • Children
  • Farmers and Landless Rural Workers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • Persons with Disabilities
  • Senior Citizens
  • Women
  • Youth and Students


Economic / Financial Effectiveness

The implementation of SSNM lessens the cost of fertilizers by determining which soil areas are nutrient deficient and applying fertilizers in those specific sites. IPM takes advantage of natural pesticides when possible and only applies chemical pesticides when needed. Both strategies contribute to increased productivity at a lower cost per unit [2][4].

Technical Feasibility

SSNM and IPM requires technical knowledge and research prior to implementation to determine which areas to focus on and what combination of pesticide management strategies to use for the crop [1].

Social Acceptability

SSNM and IPM have an adoption rate (<30%) in Cagayan Valley and Soccskargen [1].

Environmental Impact
Mid (+)

Practicing SSNM and IPM lessens unnecessary use of chemical fertilizer and pesticides which can reduce soil salinity and nutrient leaching, preventing rapid degradation of soil quality.

Other Information

The CRA was tested against eight climate smartness dimensions: yield (productivity); income, water, soil, risks (adaptation); energy, carbon and nitrogen (mitigation). The overall climate smartness in Cagayan Valley is 4.2 and 3.6 in Soccskargen.

Mitigation co-benefit

Greenhouse gas emissions, including methane, are lessened from the reduced use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.


nutrient management, Site-Specific Nutrient Management (SSNM), integrated pest management, increased production, food availability


[1] Dikitanan, R., Grosjean, G., Nowak, A., Leyte, J. (2017). Climate-Resilient Agriculture in Philippines. CSA Country Profiles for Asia Series. International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT); Department of Agriculture - Adaptation and Mitigation Initiatives in Agriculture, Government of the Philippines. Manila, Philippines. 24.
[2] Environmental Protection Agency-EPA. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Principles. Accessed on May 26, 2022.
[3] Sharma, H. C., & Prabhakar, C. S. (2014). Impact of climate change on pest management and food security. In Integrated pest management (pp. 23-36). Academic Press.
[4] Verma, P., Chauhan, A., & Ladon, T. (2020). Site specific nutrient management: A review. J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem, 9, 233-236.